Discounts and Exemptions
The full Council Tax bill assumes that there are two adults living in the dwelling. If only one adult lives in a dwelling (as their main home) the Council Tax Bill will be reduced by 25 per cent. Certain people will be disregarded when looking at the number of adults resident in a dwelling if they meet certain conditions. If any of these conditions are met then follow the links below, complete, save and return the relevant form(s).
- People who are members or dependants of International Headquarters and Defence Organisations or Visiting Forces
If you feel you may be entitled to a discount and have not been granted one you should contact the Executive Director (Resources and Support Services).
If you have been granted a discount you must tell the Council of any change in circumstances which will affect your entitlement. If you don't you may be faced with a penalty of £50.
What if all the residents are disregarded?
Then a 50 per cent discount may apply. If you are not sure you should contact the Council.
Properties exempt from Council Tax
Council Tax is not charged on certain properties - ‘exempt properties’. The classes of property exempt from Council Tax are shown below. If you think that your property falls into any of these classes please contact us. You may need to provide us with evidence before we grant the exemption.
Below is the list of current Council Tax exemptions that are available, if your property falls into any of the categories then follow the link, complete, save and return the relevant form(s).
- Class B - Empty properties owned by a registered charity and last occupied in furtherance of the objects of the charity, for a maximum of six months
- Class D - Empty properties which were lived in by people now in prison or otherwise legally detained
- Class E - Empty properties which were lived in by people who now permanently live in a hospital or home
- Class F - Empty properties where the only person who lived there has died
- Class G - Empty properties where the law prevents anyone from living there
- Class H - Empty properties held vacant for a Minister of Religion
- Class I - Empty properties which were lived in by people who are now receiving personal care in a place other than a hospital or home
- Class J - Empty properties which were lived in by people who are now living elsewhere for the purpose of providing personal care
- Class K - Empty properties last lived in by students as their sole or main residence where the student is the council tax payer
- Class L - Empty properties which have been repossessed by the mortgagee
- Class M - Student halls of residence
- Class N - Properties occupied entirely by full time students
- Class O - Ministry of Defence barracks and married quarters
- Class P - Visiting forces accommodation
- Class Q - Empty properties left by someone who has become bankrupt
- Class R - Empty caravan pitches or boat moorings
- Class S - Properties only lived in by people under the age of 18
- Class T - Empty parts of single properties which cannot be let separately
- Class U - Properties which are lived in only by people who are severely mentally impaired
- Class V - Properties which are only lived in by foreign diplomats
- Class W - Parts of properties which are only lived in by the elderly or disabled relatives of those living in the rest of the property
Empty property charges and reductions
Please note: On 1 April 2013 exemption classes A (undergoing repair) or C (unoccupied and unfurnished) were removed from legislation. Instead such properties may be eligible for a local discount of up to 100 per cent of Council Tax payable.
From 1 April 2015 there is a 100 per cent discount for the first 28 days that the property becomes empty and unfurnished, then there is a 100 per cent Council Tax charge. The 100 per cent discount applies from the date the property first becomes vacant so may be applied to the tenants account from the date of vacation up to the official end of the tenancy, the landlord if his liability starts from the date of vacation or a combination of both. Only one 28 day period of 100 per cent discount however can be applied.
In Newcastle-under-Lyme no discount is available for properties undergoing major structural repair, however there is a 100 per cent discount for the first 28 days that these circumstances apply then there is a 100 per cent Council Tax charge.
Second Homes (empty and furnished property) – There is a 100 per cent Council Tax charge for these properties.
Vacant dwelling (empty and unfurnished property) – There is a 100 per cent discount for the first 28 days that these circumstances apply then there is a 100 per cent Council Tax charge.
Empty homes premium (empty and unfurnished property for at least two years) - Once a property has been empty for two years a premium of 100% (that is, the bill will be double the basic charge) will apply.
Properties empty over 5 years will attract a premium of 200% (meaning three times the basic charge).
As of 1 April 2021 properties empty over 10 years will attract a premium of 300% (four times the basic charge)
These premiums apply to all properties irrespective of their condition.
Discounts and Exemptions for Family Annexes
From 1 April 2014 Annexes which are used by the occupier of the main house as part of the main home or annexes which are occupied by a relative of the person living in the main house will be entitled to a 50 per cent reduction in the Council Tax payable on the annexe.
The 50 per cent reduction is on top of any other discount you or your relative may be entitled to (excepting Council Tax reduction).
In order to qualify the annexe must form part of a single property which includes at least one other property (that is, the annexe must be within the grounds of the main house although not necessarily attached) and must be included in the title deeds of the main house and not registered separately and either the annexe is being used by the residents of the main house or as part of their main home.
Or the annexe is lived in by a relative of the person who lives in the main house.
However, an annexe is exempt if it is occupied by dependant relatives, that is to say those aged 65 or over, or substantially or permanently disabled or severely mentally impaired. In addition you will not be charged an empty homes premium on a long term empty annexe.
Disabled Relief Scheme
You may be able to pay less Council Tax under the disabled band reduction scheme if your home has had work carried out on it to help you or someone else living there with a disability. This scheme reduces the Council Tax payable by disabled people who live in a larger property than they would have needed if they were not disabled. Having a disability, however, does not automatically entitle you to a reduction.
Can I qualify for a disabled band reduction?
In summary, the requirements for a reduction are that the property must be the main residence of at least one disabled person and it must have at least one of the following:
- an additional bathroom or kitchen,
- any other room (not being a toilet) which is mainly used by the disabled person, or
- enough space for the use of a wheelchair - if the wheelchair is for outdoor use only, this will not count.
- the room or the wheelchair must also be essential or of major importance to the disabled person’s wellbeing, due to the nature and extent of their disability.
‘Disabled person’ in this context means a person who is substantially and permanently disabled. The disabled person can be either an adult or a child and does not have to be responsible for paying the Council Tax bill. Please note an extra room does not need to have been specially built but your home will not qualify for a reduction unless the ‘essential or of major importance’ test above is met. Simply rearranging rooms (for example, having a bedroom on the ground floor rather than the first floor) is unlikely to make your home eligible for a reduction.
What happens if my home meets this criteria?
If your home is eligible, your bill will be reduced to that of a property in the next Council Tax band down. For example, a Band D property will be charged a Band C rate. Even if your property is in Band A (the lowest band) you will still receive a reduction.
Section 13A Council Tax Relief
All Local Authorities must have a Section 13A scheme through which any person can make a request for an amount of Council Tax to be reduced or written off. The award is discretionary. The local authority must have a system in place to allow a person to make the request.
All claims will be considered on an individual basis. There is a financial implication to the Council as funding for any section 13A discounts must be provided by the Council. All applications are considered on their individual merits.
Every Council Taxpayer is entitled to make an application for a discretionary Council Tax reduction. Although, the discretionary reduction will only be granted to Council Taxpayers in exceptional circumstances.
Newcastle-under-Lyme Borough Council will treat all applications on their individual merits. However some or all of the following criteria should be met for each case:
- There must be evidence of financial hardship or personal circumstances that justifies a reduction in council tax liability. Where an application is made in respect of financial hardship, evidence of all income and expenditure will be required to enable a full assessment to be undertaken
- The taxpayer must satisfy the Council that all reasonable steps have been taken to resolve their situation prior to application
- All other eligible discounts/reliefs/benefits have been awarded
- The taxpayer does not have access to other assets that could be used to pay council tax
- Can the situation be resolved by some other legitimate means, such as the complaints procedure? If it can it is unlikely that an award will be made
- The situation and reason for the application must be outside of the taxpayer's control
- The amount outstanding must not be the result of wilful refusal to pay or culpable neglect
- The power to reduce under this section will be considered taking account of all circumstances and any reduction will take into consideration the borough’s Council Tax payers
Discretionary Council Tax reductions must be applied for in writing by the Council Tax payer, their advocate/appointee or a recognised third party acting on their behalf.
Where the application is on the grounds of financial hardship evidence must be provided. You will be required to provide proof of earnings for you and your households and proof of savings.
Any relief to be awarded is entirely at the Council’s discretion.
Under Section 16 of the Local Government Finance Act 1992, there is a right of appeal if a customer applying for a discretionary reduction under Section 13A is aggrieved by the Council's decision. The appeal must be made in writing to the council tax office. The Council will then consider whether the customer has provided any additional information against the required criteria that will justify a change to its decision. If the original decision is upheld and the customer remains aggrieved, there is a further right of appeal to a valuation tribunal
If you would like further details please contact us.
What to do with an empty property?
If you wish to apply for any of the discounts or exemptions please download the form from the link and return it to us.
Last updated 18 February 2021